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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f8\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f10\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f12\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f14\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl977\margr5708\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn977\margrsxn5708\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li698\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 THE RAIS : CHACH : MOSLEM INVASIONS        337}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li245\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20\pvpara\phcol\posnegx4\posnegy4295\absw807\absh-663\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex87\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 . ,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb36\sa0 \f1\fs20\pvpara\phcol\posnegx4\posnegy4295\absw807\absh-663\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex87\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Moslemf}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri0\sb234\sa230\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Sind was under the dynasty founded by the Brahman \expndtw14 Chach. It was preceded by the \expndtw1 The Rai dynasty Rai family comprising five kings, \expndtw6 who are said to have held power \expndtw-2 for 137 years with Alor (near modern Rohri) as their \expndtw-3 capital. When Yuan Chwang *was travelling in India \expndtw-6 (629-45 A.D.), Sind was ruled by a Buddhist monarch of the Sudra \i (Shu-to-lo] \i0 caste,\super 1\nosupersub  and if he was identical with \expndtw-2 Siharas Rai, as is most probable, we get welcome light \expndtw9 on the origin of the Rais. Presumably it was this \expndtw1 ruler, who came into conflict with the great Harsavar-\sub\expndtw32 L\nosupersub - f ch h dhana.\super 2\nosupersub  After the death of the \expndtw-5 last Rai, Sahasi, his Brahman minis\-\expndtw-2 ter, Chach, married the widowed queen, and himself \expndtw6 assumed the crown. During his long reign of forty \expndtw-2 years the kingdom grew in extent and authority, and is \expndtw0 described to have abutted upon the confines of Kash\-\expndtw-4 mir. His son, Dahir, who succeeded \expndtw-5 Candar or Candra (Chach's brother), \expndtw7 had to face a serious Arab inva\-\expndtw14 sion because he did not chastise the people of \expndtw5 Debul for having seized a vessel carrying rich pre\-\expndtw9 sents from the king of Ceylon to Hajjaj, governor \expndtw15 of Iran. Muhammad ibn Kasim led the expedi\-\expndtw-1 tion; he stormed Debul in H. 93=A.D. 712, captured \expndtw-4 Bahmanabad, and reduced Multan in 723 A.D., thus \expndtw7 completing the conquest of Sind. This was the \expndtw-1 culmination of the Arab plundering raids, which began \expndtw-3 as early as H. 15\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 636-37 A.D. during the Khilafat of \expndtw1 Omar. ^ Having got control of Sind, the Arabs initiat\-\expndtw2 ed \i & \i0 vigorous policy of expansion, and Junaid, who \expndtw-3 was its governor under Khalifa Hisham (724-43 A.D.), \expndtw5 was particularly active. He conquered Al Bailaman}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1006\margrsxn6849\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw3074\colsr670\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li349\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-252\slmult0\tx464 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw8 Waiters, II, p. 252.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi349\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-252\slmult0\tx464 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw7 He. C. \i0 T., p. 76.   cf.   sp\line \expndtw-4 *llc\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'ab\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 ftt\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'bb\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 <iT \i (He-, \i0 Cal. ed., pp. 210-11).}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb324\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f9\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 f*FTO3f}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn977\margrsxn5708\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li295\fi0\ri0\sb25\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 22}\par }